This year, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) awards 40 SNSF professorships to young researchers who intend to pursue an academic career. Five of them have chosen the University of Basel as host institution and will establish their own research team at the departments of Biomedicine, Biozentrum, Physics, Linguistics and Literature, as well as at the University Hospital of Basel and the Kantonsspital Aarau.
In collaboration with colleagues from Berlin and Madrid, researchers at the Department of Physics at the University of Basel have pulled up isolated molecular chains from a gold surface, using the tip of an atomic force microscope (AFM). The observed signal provides insight into the detachment force and binding energy of molecules.
After the adoption of the initiative on mass immigration, the future of the Erasmus Program in Switzerland is uncertain. The negotiations on Swiss participation in the new program Erasmus+ have been suspended. The European Commission has informed Switzerland that it has lost its status as program country for calls for project proposals issued in 2014. With Switzerland's new third-country status, Swiss institutions may continue to takes part as project partners.
Switzerland will be handled as a third country in calls for project proposals. What does this mean for Basel researchers? Edwin Constable, Vice Rector for Research at the University of Basel, has some answers.
Many psychiatric disorders are accompanied by memory deficits. Basel scientists have now identified a network of genes that controls fundamental properties of neurons and is important for human brain activity, memory and the development of schizophrenia.
Physicists at the University of Basel have observed a spontaneous magnetic order of electron and nuclear spins in a quantum wire at temperatures of 0.1 kelvin. In the past, this was possible only at much lower temperatures, typically in the microkelvin range. The coupling of nuclei and electrons creates a new state of matter whereby a nuclear spin order arises at a much higher temperature. The results are consistent with a theoretical model developed in Basel a few years ago.
Motor commands issued by the brain to activate arm muscles take two different routes. As a research group at the University of Basel's Biozentrum and the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research has now discovered, many neurons in the spinal cord send their instructions not only towards the musculature, but at the same time also back to the brain via an exquisitely organized network.
A research group at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has discovered an amino acid signal essential for error-free cell division. This signal regulates the number of centrosomes in the cell, and its absence results in the development of pathologically altered cells. Remarkably, such altered cells are found in people with a neurodevelopmental disorder, called autosomal recessive primary microcephaly.