Each year, the European Molecular Biology Organization EMBO selects young, talented scientists from all Europe into the EMBO Young Investigator Program. The organization has now released the names of 27 researchers who will become EMBO Young Investigators 2014, including Petr Broz and Sebastian Hiller, both professors at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel. With this program, EMBO supports promising scientist on their career path and promotes international scientific exchange.
The emergence and concept of form are the topics of this year's annual conference of eikones – NCCR Iconic Criticism.
The formal style of interrogation records influences the reception of judges and the decisions they take – even when the actual content is the same. This was shown in a large scale study conducted by the University of Basel in which 645 Swiss judges participated. So far, it had only been understood that minutes containing wrong or missing statements could provoke false rulings.
Parasites – although no one likes them they remain our constant companion. However, these unwelcome guests not only cause diseases, they also play an important role in our evolutionary history. With the exhibition “Parasites. Life undercover”, the Natural History Museum of Basel introduces its audience to the fascinating world of parasites. The University of Basel's event series “Uni-Ein-Blicke” invites staff and students to take part in an exclusive guided tour through the exhibition on 28 October 2014. The tour will be held in English and German.
Extreme adaptations of species often cause such significant changes that their evolutionary history is difficult to reconstruct. Zoologists at the University of Basel in Switzerland have now discovered a new parasite species that represents the missing link between fungi and an extreme group of parasites. Researches are now able to understand for the first time the evolution of these parasites, causing disease in humans and animals.
The evolution of new traits with novel functions has always posed a challenge to evolutionary biology. Studying the color markings of cichlid fish, Swiss scientists were now able to show what triggered these evolutionary innovations, namely: a mobile genetic element in the regulatory region of a color gene.
Specialized types of T cells are required to resist invading viruses or bacteria. Understanding how this works is important to developing effective vaccines. Researchers in the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel have identified an important parameter, which determines how T cells acquire effective short-term and long-term immune responses.
During cancer metastasis, immune response or the development of organisms, cells are moving in a controlled manner through the body. Researchers from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel discovered novel mechanisms of cell migration by observing cells moving on lines of connective tissue. Their results, published in the journal Developmental Cell, could lead to new approaches in fighting cancer metastasis and inflammation.
Our immune system must distinguish between self and foreign and in order to fight infections without damaging the body's own cells at the same time. The immune system is loyal to cells in the body, but how this works is not fully understood. Researchers in the Department of Biomedicine at the University Hospital and the University of Basel have discovered that the immune system uses a molecular biological clock to target intolerant T cells during their maturation process.